NCERT Solutions Class 9 Science Chapter 7 – Free PDF Download
According to the NCERT Syllabus 2023-24, this chapter was removed.
NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 7 at BYJU’S is a reference guide containing the answers to the questions given in the textbook exercise and also other questions for practice. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 7 – Diversity in Living Organisms is a very important chapter from the examination point of view. All the chapters on Plant and Animal Kingdom are dependent on students’ understanding of Diversity in Living Organisms. Therefore, a thorough understanding of this chapter is crucial for scoring good marks in Science subject.
NCERT Solutions helps the students to clear all their doubts related to the topic. The MCQs, long answers, short answers, and tips and methods to answer the questions help the students to build a conceptual command of the topic. Therefore, students can practise the NCERT solutions and score well in the examinations.
NCERT Solutions for Class 9 are very beneficial from the examination perspective. Students are advised to go through the solutions after completing each chapter for a better understanding of the topic.
Access NCERT Solutions Class 9 Science Chapter 7 – Diversity in Living Organisms (All in-text and Exercise Questions solved)
Class 9 Science Chapter 7 Exercise – 7.1 Questions with Answer Page: 80
Q1. Why do we classify organisms?
By classifying organisms, it is easier and more convenient to study their characteristics. Similarities exhibited by various entities allow us to categorise different entities into a class and hence, study the group as a whole.
Q2. Give three examples of the range of variations that you see in life forms around you.
Listed below are a few ranges of variations observed in life forms:
(a) Small frog to big whale
(b) Creeper to the eucalyptus tree
(c) Black cuckoo to colourful peacock
Class 9 Science Chapter 7 Exercise-7.1 Questions with Answers
Q3. Which of the following do you think is a more basic characteristic for classifying organisms?
(a) The place where they live.
(b) The kind of cells they are made of. Why?
The most basic classification of organisms should be established on the kind of cells they are made up of. This is because the habitat can have species with different characteristics living harmoniously, whereas the entities with similar cell arrangements will exhibit equivalent characteristics.
Q4. What is the primary characteristic on which the broad division of organisms is made?
The basic characteristic on which organisms are primarily divided is the nature of cells. It is broadly classified as prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells, which furthermore is classified into subclasses.
Q5. On what basis are plants and animals put into different categories?
The following is the basis for the categorisation of plants and animals:
(a) The most fundamental consideration of classification is the presence and absence of a cell wall.
(b) The next important criterion is the mode of nutrition. The mechanism through which entities acquire their nutrients is used as the base for classification.
Class 9 Science Chapter 7 Exercise-7.2 Questions with Answers
Q6. Which organisms are called primitive, and how are they different from the so-called advanced organisms?
Primitive organisms are the organisms that exhibit a very simple and basic cell arrangement, mechanism and structure and no division of labour is observed. Advanced organisms, on the other hand, are organisms possessing millions of cells that are grouped into various organs performing different functions, such as mammals.
Q7. Will advanced organisms be the same as complex organisms? Why?
Yes, complex organisms are the same as advanced organisms. The consequence of advancement leads to multiple cell arrangements that operate uniquely.
Class 9 Science Chapter 7 Exercise-7.3 Questions with Answers
Q8. What is the criterion for the classification of organisms as belonging to the kingdom Monera or Protista?
One of the most significant differences in classification is the development of the nucleus. The ones with no nuclear membranes are defined to be Monera, while the ones that have well-defined nuclei walls are Protista.
Q9. In which kingdom will you place an organism which is single-celled, eukaryotic and photosynthetic?
Since the cell is photosynthetic, it must have a well-defined nucleus wall. Therefore, it needs to be placed in the Protista kingdom.
Q10. In the hierarchy of classification, which grouping will have the smallest number of organisms with maximum common characteristics and which will have the largest number of organisms?
(a) The organisms belonging to the Kingdom Monera will have the smallest number of organisms and with maximum characteristics in common.
(b) The organisms belonging to the Kingdom Animalia will have the largest number of organisms.
Class 9 Science Chapter 7 Exercise-7.4 Questions with Answers
Q11. Which division among plants has the simplest organisms?
Algae or Thallophyta has the simplest organism among plants.
Q12. How are pteridophytes different from phanerogams?
The following are the differences between pteridophytes and phanerogams:
|They possess a naked embryo
|They possess a covered embryo
|Exhibit unclear reproductive organ
|Exhibit well-defined reproductive organ
Q13. How do gymnosperms and angiosperms differ from each other?
In gymnosperms, the seeds are naked, while in angiosperms, the seeds are covered.
Class 9 Science Chapter 7 Exercise-7.5 Questions with Answers
Q14. How do poriferan animals differ from coelenterate animals?
Listed below are the differences between poriferan and coelenterate animals:
|Division of labour is not noticed
|Division of labour is observed
|The cellular level of the organisation exhibited
|The tissue level of the organisation exhibited
Q15. How do annelid animals differ from arthropods?
Listed below are the differences between annelid and arthropods:
|The entire body is segmented into rings
|Segmentation of the body into the head, abdomen and the thorax region
|Skeleton is absent
|Presence of exoskeleton
|Presence of different sexes, bisexuals present
Q16. What are the differences between amphibians and reptiles?
Listed below are the differences between amphibians and reptiles:
|Skin is moist and soft
|Skin is hardened
|In water, they breathe through their skin
|They can exist in water. They come to land to intake oxygen
|Respire through lungs or gills
|Respire through lungs
|Capable of jumping
|Indirect development is noticed
|Direct development observed
Q17. What are the differences between animals belonging to the Aves group and those in the mammalian group?
Listed below are the differences between animals belonging to the Aves group and the mammalian group:
|Body is covered with feathers
|Body is covered with hairs
|They possess a beak
|Forelimbs are present and modified to take a flight
|Forelimbs are present and used for multiple activities
|Bones are hollow
|Bones are solid
|Body is streamlined
|Streamlining of the body is not observed (except for whales)
Class 9 Science Chapter 7 Exercise
Q1. What are the advantages of classifying organisms?
Listed below are the advantages of the classification of organisms:
- When organisms are classified, their common features can easily be studied.
- The study of scientific experiments is simplified.
- The interrelation of humans with other entities can be interpreted. Their dependence and interactions can be studied.
- When entities are crossbred and modified genetically, it paves the way for commercial applications.
Q2. How would you choose between two characteristics to be used for developing a hierarchy in classification?
The basis of the start of the hierarchy will be formed by the gross character, while the basis of further steps will be taken care of by the fine character.
- Human beings are categorised under vertebrates as they possess the vertebral column
- For categorisation of tetrapods
- For tetrapods, the existence of four limbs is taken into consideration
- In the case of mammals, the mammary gland is the required part
Q3. Explain the basis for grouping organisms into five kingdoms.
The following factors govern the basis of grouping organisms into five kingdoms
- The number of cells present forms the first criterion.
- Next is the arrangement and the number of layers present.
- Another important factor for classification is the existence of the cell wall.
- Classification of complex organisms is also based on the mode of intake of nutrition.
- To classify, we consider the organisation level too.
Q4. What are the major divisions in the Plantae? What is the basis of these divisions?
The following table depicts plant division and the basis of classification for each division.
|Basis of Classification
|Thallophyta or Algae
|The body is divided into leaf and stem
|The body is separated into root, stem and leaf
|Seed-bearing, naked seeds
|Seed bearings covered seeds
Q5. How are the criteria for deciding divisions in plants different from the criteria for deciding the subgroups among animals?
- One of the major specifications to categorise plants into Thallophytes and Bryophytes is the basic cell structure.
- Gymnosperms and Angiosperms are classified on the basis of the visibility of seeds.
Hence, morphological characteristics play a key role in plant classification. In animal classification, cytology is considered primarily as more minute structural variations are taken into account.
- The cell layers, cytology, and morphology are significant features to be considered in the classification of animals.
- The presence and absence of various features decide the classification of higher hierarchies.
Q6. Explain how animals in Vertebrata are classified into further subgroups.
Vertebrata has two subclasses, namely
Wherein organisms belonging to the Pisces subclass have streamlined bodies with tails and fins, which help them in their movement (swimming), whereas the Tetrapoda species have four limbs for their movement.
Furthermore, the Tetrapod animals are classified as:
1. Amphibia: The animals belonging to this group are adaptive in nature. They dwell both on the land as well as in water. They show the presence of specialised organs, which allows them to breathe underwater.
2. Reptilia: The animals belonging to this class crawl. Their skin is very thick and withstands extreme temperatures.
3. Aves: The forelimbs of these organisms are modified, which helps them in their flight. They lack teeth and instead have a beak and feathers that cover up their body.
4. Mammalia: The animals belonging to this group show nurturing skills as they contain mammary glands to support them. Their skin is covered with hair, and most of them are viviparous in nature.
|NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 7
|CBSE Notes for Class 9 Science Chapter 7
NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 7 – Diversity in Living Organisms
A total of 20 marks questions are asked on this topic in the final examinations, including the long and short questions. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 7 have a number of questions that can help the students prepare for the important topics. Classification and Evolution and the Hierarchy of Classification are the most important topics. However, students should prepare all the topics thoroughly.
The topics covered in Class 9 Science Chapter 7 are listed below:
- 7.1 What is the Basis of Classification? – 3 Questions
- 7.2 Classification and Evolution – 2 Questions
- 7.3 The Hierarchy of Classification Groups – 3 Questions
- 7.4 Plantae – 3 Questions
- 7.5 Animalia – 4 Questions
- 7.6 Nomenclature – 1 Question
- Exercise Solutions 6 Questions (Long)
NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 7 – Diversity in Living Organisms
Diversity of Living Organisms refers to the variety of living organisms present on earth. These organisms classified by H. Whittaker into five-kingdom classifications are as follows:
Monera is a unicellular, prokaryotic, heterotrophic or autotrophic organism.
Protista is a unicellular, autotrophic or heterotrophic eukaryotic organism.
Fungi are multicellular, eukaryotic organisms with plant and animal-like features. They may be saprophytic or parasitic.
Plantae is multicellular, eukaryotic autotrophs which are further classified as follows:
Animalia is eukaryotic, multicellular, heterotrophs which are classified as follows:
Brief of NCERT Class 9 Science Chapter 7
- Classification helps us in exploring the diversity of life forms.
- The major characteristics considered for classifying all organisms into five major kingdoms are as follows:
(a) Whether they are made of prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells
(b) Whether the cells are living singly or organised into multi-cellular and, thus complex organisms
(c) Whether the cells have a cell wall and whether they prepare their own food.
- All living organisms are divided on the above bases into five kingdoms, namely Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia.
- The classification of life forms is related to their evolution.
- Plantae and Animalia are further divided into subdivisions on the basis of the increasing complexity of body organisation.
- Plants are divided into five groups: Thallophytes, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms.
- Animals are divided into ten groups: Porifera, Coelenterata, Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Annelida, Arthropoda, Mollusca, Echinodermata, Protochordata and Vertebrata.
- The binomial nomenclature makes for a uniform way of identification of the vast diversity of life around us.
- The binomial nomenclature is made up of two words – a generic name and a specific name.
Key Features of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 7 – Diversity in Living Organisms
- They provide a better understanding of the concepts.
- Having been created by subject experts, the best possible content is provided here.
- NCERT solutions for Class 9 will help the students score well in the examinations.
- It clarifies all the doubts of the students related to the topic.
Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 7
How many questions can I expect under each topic of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 7?
7.1 What is the Basis of Classification? – 3 Questions
7.2 Classification and Evolution – 2 Questions
7.3 The Hierarchy of Classification Groups – 3 Questions
7.4 Plantae – 3 Questions
7.5 Animalia – 4 Questions
7.6 Nomenclature – 1 Question
Exercise Solutions 6 Questions (Long)
Are the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 7 beneficial for the students?
1. The solutions completely adhere to the CBSE syllabus and exam pattern for the academic year.
2. All the textbook questions which are important for the exams are given more importance.
3. Well-experienced teachers created the solutions, which are of top-notch quality and error-free.
4. NCERT Solutions provides a strong foundation of basic concepts which will help students in building their careers.
What are the key features of the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 7?
2. The subject-matter experts design the solutions with utmost care as per the latest CBSE guidelines.
3. The solutions act as a bridge to fill the gap between the concepts and students.
4. Students can clarify the doubts which arise while learning new concepts and become more confident with the subject.