NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 - Lines And Angles

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 – CBSE Free PDF Download

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 6, Lines and Angles, deals with the questions and answers related to the chapter Lines and Angles. This topic introduces you to basic Geometry, primarily focusing on the properties of the angles formed: i) when two lines intersect each other and ii) when a line intersects two or more parallel lines at distinct points. This chapter falls under the Unit – Geometry and is included in the CBSE Syllabus of Class 9 Maths. Students can ace well in the final exams with the help of NCERT Solutions given at BYJU’S.

Now, you must be wondering why we are studying Lines and Angles. What are its real-life applications of it? The answer is that lines and angles are everywhere around us. The architecture uses lines and angles to design the structure of a building. When you stop at a signal and then move on when the signal light is green, then you either take a left-angle turn or right-angle turn or move in a straight line. When you have to find the height of a tower or the location of an aircraft, you need to know the angles. In NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 6, you will learn to solve the questions related to all the concepts of Lines and Angles as per the updated CBSE syllabus for 2023-24. Students can avail of a complete and free PDF of this chapter’s NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths from the link given below.

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 – Lines and Angles

Access Answers of Maths NCERT Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 – Lines And Angles

List of Exercises in Class 9 Maths Chapter 6

Exercise 6.1 Solutions 6 Questions (5 Short Answer Questions, 1 Long Answer Question)
Exercise 6.2 Solutions 6 Questions (3 Short Answer Questions, 3 Long Answer Questions)
Exercise 6.3 Solutions 6 Questions (5 Short Answer Questions, 1 Long Answer Question)

Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 Exercise: 6.1 (Page No: 96)

Exercise: 6.1 (Page No: 96)

1. In Fig. 6.13, lines AB and CD intersect at O. If ∠AOC +∠BOE = 70° and ∠BOD = 40°, find ∠BOE and reflex ∠COE.

Solution:

From the diagram, we have

(∠AOC +∠BOE +∠COE) and (∠COE +∠BOD +∠BOE) forms a straight line.

So, ∠AOC+∠BOE +∠COE = ∠COE +∠BOD+∠BOE = 180°

Now, by putting the values of ∠AOC + ∠BOE = 70° and ∠BOD = 40° we get

∠COE = 110° and ∠BOE = 30°

So, reflex ∠COE = 360o – 110o = 250o

2. In Fig. 6.14, lines XY and MN intersect at O. If ∠POY = 90° and a : b = 2 : 3, find c.

Solution:

We know that the sum of linear pair is always equal to 180°

So,

∠POY +a +b = 180°

Putting the value of ∠POY = 90° (as given in the question), we get,

a+b = 90°

Now, it is given that a:b = 2:3, so

Let a be 2x and b be 3x

∴ 2x+3x = 90°

Solving this, we get

5x = 90°

So, x = 18°

∴ a = 2×18° = 36°

Similarly, b can be calculated, and the value will be

b = 3×18° = 54°

From the diagram, b+c also forms a straight angle, so

b+c = 180°

c+54° = 180°

∴ c = 126°

3. In Fig. 6.15, ∠PQR = ∠PRQ, then prove that ∠PQS = ∠PRT.

Solution:

Since ST is a straight line, so

PQS+PQR = 180° (linear pair) and

PRT+PRQ = 180° (linear pair)

Now, PQS + PQR = PRT+PRQ = 180°

Since PQR =PRQ (as given in the question)

PQS = PRT. (Hence proved).

4. In Fig. 6.16, if x+y = w+z, then prove that AOB is a line.

Solution:

To prove AOB is a straight line, we will have to prove x+y is a linear pair

i.e. x+y = 180°

We know that the angles around a point are 360°, so

x+y+w+z = 360°

In the question, it is given that,

x+y = w+z

So, (x+y)+(x+y) = 360°

2(x+y) = 360°

∴ (x+y) = 180° (Hence proved).

5. In Fig. 6.17, POQ is a line. Ray OR is perpendicular to line PQ. OS is another ray lying between rays OP and OR. Prove that ∠ROS = ½ (∠QOS – ∠POS).

Solution:

In the question, it is given that (OR ⊥ PQ) and ∠POQ = 180°

We can write it as ∠ROP = ∠ROQ = 900

We know that

∠ROP = ∠ROQ

It can be written as

∠POS + ∠ROS = ∠ROQ

∠POS + ∠ROS = ∠QOS – ∠ROS

∠SOR + ∠ROS = ∠QOS – ∠POS

So we get

2∠ROS = ∠QOS – ∠POS

Or, ∠ROS = 1/2 (∠QOS – ∠POS)(Hence proved).

6. It is given that ∠XYZ = 64° and XY is produced to point P. Draw a figure from the given information. If ray YQ bisects ∠ZYP, find ∠XYQ and reflex ∠QYP.

Solution:

Here, XP is a straight line

So, ∠XYZ +∠ZYP = 180°

Putting the value of ∠XYZ = 64°, we get

64° +∠ZYP = 180°

∴ ∠ZYP = 116°

From the diagram, we also know that ∠ZYP = ∠ZYQ + ∠QYP

Now, as YQ bisects ∠ZYP,

∠ZYQ = ∠QYP

Or, ∠ZYP = 2∠ZYQ

∴ ∠ZYQ = ∠QYP = 58°

Again, ∠XYQ = ∠XYZ + ∠ZYQ

By putting the value of ∠XYZ = 64° and ∠ZYQ = 58°, we get.

∠XYQ = 64°+58°

Or, ∠XYQ = 122°

Now, reflex ∠QYP = 180°+XYQ

We computed that the value of ∠XYQ = 122°.

So,

∠QYP = 180°+122°

∴ ∠QYP = 302°

Exercise: 6.2 (Page No: 103)

1. In Fig. 6.28, find the values of x and y and then show that AB || CD.

Solution:

We know that a linear pair is equal to 180°.

So, x+50° = 180°

∴ x = 130°

We also know that vertically opposite angles are equal.

So, y = 130°

In two parallel lines, the alternate interior angles are equal. In this,

x = y = 130°

This proves that alternate interior angles are equal, so AB || CD.

2. In Fig. 6.29, if AB || CD, CD || EF and y : z = 3 : 7, find x.

Solution:

It is known that AB || CD and CD||EF

As the angles on the same side of a transversal line sum up to 180°,

x + y = 180° —–(i)

Also,

∠O = z (Since they are corresponding angles)

and, y +∠O = 180° (Since they are a linear pair)

So, y+z = 180°

Now, let y = 3w and hence, z = 7w (As y : z = 3 : 7)

∴ 3w+7w = 180°

Or, 10 w = 180°

So, w = 18°

Now, y = 3×18° = 54°

and, z = 7×18° = 126°

Now, angle x can be calculated from equation (i)

x+y = 180°

Or, x+54° = 180°

∴ x = 126°

3. In Fig. 6.30, if AB || CD, EF ⊥ CD and ∠GED = 126°, find ∠AGE, ∠GEF and ∠FGE.

Solution:

Since AB || CD, GE is a transversal.

It is given that ∠GED = 126°

So, ∠GED = ∠AGE = 126° (As they are alternate interior angles)

Also,

∠GED = ∠GEF +∠FED

As EF⊥ CD, ∠FED = 90°

∴ ∠GED = ∠GEF+90°

Or, ∠GEF = 126° – 90° = 36°

Again, ∠FGE +∠GED = 180° (Transversal)

Putting the value of ∠GED = 126°, we get

∠FGE = 54°

So,

∠AGE = 126°

∠GEF = 36° and

∠FGE = 54°

4. In Fig. 6.31, if PQ || ST, ∠PQR = 110° and ∠RST = 130°, find ∠QRS.

[Hint : Draw a line parallel to ST through point R.]

Solution:

First, construct a line XY parallel to PQ.

We know that the angles on the same side of the transversal is equal to 180°.

So, ∠PQR+∠QRX = 180°

Or, ∠QRX = 180°-110°

∴ ∠QRX = 70°

Similarly,

∠RST +∠SRY = 180°

Or, ∠SRY = 180°- 130°

∴ ∠SRY = 50°

Now, for the linear pairs on the line XY-

∠QRX+∠QRS+∠SRY = 180°

Putting their respective values, we get

∠QRS = 180° – 70° – 50°

Hence, ∠QRS = 60°

5. In Fig. 6.32, if AB || CD, ∠APQ = 50° and ∠PRD = 127°, find x and y.

Solution:

From the diagram,

∠APQ = ∠PQR (Alternate interior angles)

Now, putting the value of ∠APQ = 50° and ∠PQR = x, we get

x = 50°

Also,

∠APR = ∠PRD (Alternate interior angles)

Or, ∠APR = 127° (As it is given that ∠PRD = 127°)

We know that

∠APR = ∠APQ+∠QPR

Now, putting values of ∠QPR = y and ∠APR = 127°, we get

127° = 50°+ y

Or, y = 77°

Thus, the values of x and y are calculated as:

x = 50° and y = 77°

6. In Fig. 6.33, PQ and RS are two mirrors placed parallel to each other. An incident ray AB strikes the mirror PQ at B, the reflected ray moves along the path BC and strikes the mirror RS at C and again reflects back along CD. Prove that AB || CD.

Solution:

First, draw two lines, BE and CF, such that BE ⊥ PQ and CF ⊥ RS.

Now, since PQ || RS,

So, BE || CF

We know that,

Angle of incidence = Angle of reflection (By the law of reflection)

So,

∠1 = ∠2 and

∠3 = ∠4

We also know that alternate interior angles are equal. Here, BE ⊥ CF and the transversal line BC cuts them at B and C

So, ∠2 = ∠3 (As they are alternate interior angles)

Now, ∠1 +∠2 = ∠3 +∠4

Or, ∠ABC = ∠DCB

So, AB || CD (alternate interior angles are equal)

Exercise: 6.3 (Page No: 107)

1. In Fig. 6.39, sides QP and RQ of ΔPQR are produced to points S and T,respectively. If ∠SPR = 135° and ∠PQT = 110°, find ∠PRQ.

Solution:

It is given the TQR is a straight line, and so, the linear pairs (i.e. ∠TQP and ∠PQR) will add up to 180°

So, ∠TQP +∠PQR = 180°

Now, putting the value of ∠TQP = 110°, we get

∠PQR = 70°

Consider the ΔPQR,

Here, the side QP is extended to S, and so ∠SPR forms the exterior angle.

Thus, ∠SPR (∠SPR = 135°) is equal to the sum of interior opposite angles. (Triangle property)

Or, ∠PQR +∠PRQ = 135°

Now, putting the value of ∠PQR = 70°, we get

∠PRQ = 135°-70°

Hence, ∠PRQ = 65°

2. In Fig. 6.40, ∠X = 62°, ∠XYZ = 54°. If YO and ZO are the bisectors of ∠XYZ and ∠XZY, respectively of Δ XYZ, find ∠OZY and ∠YOZ.

Solution:

We know that the sum of the interior angles of the triangle.

So, ∠X +∠XYZ +∠XZY = 180°

Putting the values as given in the question, we get

62°+54° +∠XZY = 180°

Or, ∠XZY = 64°

Now, we know that ZO is the bisector, so

∠OZY = ½ ∠XZY

∴ ∠OZY = 32°

Similarly, YO is a bisector, so

∠OYZ = ½ ∠XYZ

Or, ∠OYZ = 27° (As ∠XYZ = 54°)

Now, as the sum of the interior angles of the triangle,

∠OZY +∠OYZ +∠O = 180°

Putting their respective values, we get

∠O = 180°-32°-27°

Hence, ∠O = 121°

3. In Fig. 6.41, if AB || DE, ∠BAC = 35° and ∠CDE = 53°, find ∠DCE.

Solution:

We know that AE is a transversal since AB || DE

Here ∠BAC and ∠AED are alternate interior angles.

Hence, ∠BAC = ∠AED

It is given that ∠BAC = 35°

∠AED = 35°

Now consider the triangle CDE. We know that the sum of the interior angles of a triangle is 180°.

∴ ∠DCE+∠CED+∠CDE = 180°

Putting the values, we get

∠DCE+35°+53° = 180°

Hence, ∠DCE = 92°

4. In Fig. 6.42, if lines PQ and RS intersect at point T, such that ∠PRT = 40°, ∠RPT = 95° and ∠TSQ = 75°, find ∠SQT.

Solution:

Consider triangle PRT.

∠PRT +∠RPT + ∠PTR = 180°

So, ∠PTR = 45°

Now ∠PTR will be equal to ∠STQ as they are vertically opposite angles.

So, ∠PTR = ∠STQ = 45°

Again, in triangle STQ,

∠TSQ +∠PTR + ∠SQT = 180°

Solving this, we get

74° + 45° + ∠SQT = 180°

∠SQT = 60°

5. In Fig. 6.43, if PQ ⊥ PS, PQ || SR, ∠SQR = 28° and ∠QRT = 65°, then find the values of x and y.

Solution:

x +∠SQR = ∠QRT (As they are alternate angles since QR is transversal)

So, x+28° = 65°

∴ x = 37°

It is also known that alternate interior angles are the same, and so

∠QSR = x = 37°

Also, now

∠QRS +∠QRT = 180° (As they are a Linear pair)

Or, ∠QRS+65° = 180°

So, ∠QRS = 115°

Using the angle sum property in Δ SPQ,

∠SPQ + x + y = 180°

Putting their respective values, we get

90°+37° + y = 180°

y = 1800 – 1270 = 530

Hence, y = 53°

6. In Fig. 6.44, the side QR of ΔPQR is produced to a point S. If the bisectors of ∠PQR and ∠PRS meet at point T, then prove that ∠QTR = ½ ∠QPR.

Solution:

Consider the ΔPQR. ∠PRS is the exterior angle, and ∠QPR and ∠PQR are the interior angles.

So, ∠PRS = ∠QPR+∠PQR (According to triangle property)

Or, ∠PRS -∠PQR = ∠QPR ———–(i)

Now, consider the ΔQRT,

∠TRS = ∠TQR+∠QTR

Or, ∠QTR = ∠TRS-∠TQR

We know that QT and RT bisect ∠PQR and ∠PRS, respectively.

So, ∠PRS = 2 ∠TRS and ∠PQR = 2∠TQR

Now, ∠QTR = ½ ∠PRS – ½∠PQR

Or, ∠QTR = ½ (∠PRS -∠PQR)

From (i), we know that ∠PRS -∠PQR = ∠QPR

So, ∠QTR = ½ ∠QPR (hence proved).

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 – Lines and Angles

The Class 9 Maths theory paper is of 80 marks. Out of which, Geometry constitutes a total of 22 marks which includes Introduction to Euclid’s Geometry, Lines and Angles, Triangles, Quadrilaterals, Areas, Circles, and Constructions. You can see that it constitutes approximately 27% of weightage. So, using the NCERT Solutions for Class 9, students can easily score high marks by having a thorough understanding of this topic.

Solve all the exercise problems of Lines and Angles. Refer to the NCERT Solutions of Class 9 provided by our Experts below. It will help you to solve the questions in an easy way.

Summary of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 Lines and Angles

Before starting to solve the exercise problems, you must first read the theory part and get to know the basic terms, definitions and theorems. After that, go through the solved examples of Lines and Angles that are given in the Class 9 NCERT Book. It will make your concepts more clear. Then you can start solving the exercise problems with the help of NCERT Solutions.

Key Points of NCERT Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 – Lines and Angles

After solving the Line and Angles chapter of Class 9 Maths, you will get to know the following points:

1. Basic terms and definitions related to a line segment, ray, collinear points, non-collinear points, intersecting and non-intersecting lines.
2. Pair of angles (reflex, complementary, supplementary, adjacent, vertical opposite, linear pair).
3. Parallel and transversal lines and theorems related to them.
4. Angle sum property of a triangle.

We hope this information on “NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 Lines and Angles” is useful for students. Stay tuned for further updates on CBSE and other competitive exams. To access interactive Maths and Science Videos, download BYJU’S App and subscribe to YouTube Channel.

To learn more concepts regarding Lines and Angles, students can access the other study materials which are prescribed by the CBSE board. By doing this, students will be able to solve the questions that would appear in the CBSE exams.

Disclaimer:

Dropped Topics – 6.5 Parallel lines and a transversal and 6.7 Angle sum property of a triangle.

Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 6

Q1

How are NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 helpful for CBSE exam preparation?

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 are created by BYJU’S expert faculty to help students in preparation for their CBSE examinations. These expert faculty solve and provide the NCERT Solution for Class 9, which would help students to solve the problems comfortably. They give a detailed and stepwise explanation of the problems given in the exercises in the NCERT Solutions for Class 9. These solutions help students prepare for their upcoming exams by covering the whole of the CBSE syllabus in accordance with the NCERT guidelines.
Q2

How many exercises are present in NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 6?

There are 3 exercises present in NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 6, namely,
Exercise 6.1 Solutions 6 Questions (5 Short Answer Questions, 1 Long Answer Question)
Exercise 6.2 Solutions 6 Questions (3 Short Answer Questions, 3 Long Answer Questions)
Exercise 6.3 Solutions 6 Questions (5 Short Answer Questions, 1 Long Answer Question)
Q3

Is BYJU’S providing answers for all questions present in NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 6?

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 is useful for students as it helps them to score well in the CBSE exams. We, with our aim to help students, have devised detailed chapter-wise solutions for them to understand the concepts easily. We followed the latest update on the CBSE Syllabus while creating the NCERT Solutions, and it is framed in accordance with the pattern of the CBSE exams. These solutions are designed by subject matter experts who have assembled model questions covering all the exercise questions from the textbook.