118 Elements and Their Symbols and Atomic Numbers

The periodic table of elements is widely used in the field of Chemistry to look up chemical elements as they are arranged in a manner that displays periodic trends in the chemical properties of the elements. However, the Periodic table generally displays only the symbol of the element and not its entire name.

Most of the symbols are similar to the name of the element but some symbols of elements have Latin roots. An example for this is silver which is denoted by Ag from its Latin name “Argentum”. Another such example would be the symbol ‘Fe’ which is used to denote Iron and can be traced to the Latin word for iron, “Ferrum”. It could prove difficult for a beginner in chemistry to learn the names of all the elements in the periodic table because these symbols do not always correspond to the English names of the elements.

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A list of 118 elements and their symbols and atomic numbers is provided below:

118 Elements and Their Symbols and Atomic Numbers

Name of the Element Symbol of the Element Atomic Number
Hydrogen H 1
Helium He 2
Lithium Li 3
Beryllium Be 4
Boron B 5
Carbon C 6
Nitrogen N 7
Oxygen O 8
Fluorine F 9
Neon Ne 10
Sodium Na 11
Magnesium Mg 12
Aluminium Al 13
Silicon Si 14
Phosphorus P 15
Sulfur S 16
Chlorine Cl 17
Argon Ar 18
Potassium K 19
Calcium Ca 20
Scandium Sc 21
Titanium Ti 22
Vanadium V 23
Chromium Cr 24
Manganese Mn 25
Iron Fe 26
Cobalt Co 27
Nickel Ni 28
Copper Cu 29
Zinc Zn 30
Gallium Ga 31
Germanium Ge 32
Arsenic As 33
Selenium Se 34
Bromine Br 35
Krypton Kr 36
Rubidium Rb 37
Strontium Sr 38
Yttrium Y 39
Zirconium Zr 40
Niobium Nb 41
Molybdenum Mo 42
Technetium Tc 43
Ruthenium Ru 44
Rhodium Rh 45
Palladium Pd 46
Silver Ag 47
Cadmium Cd 48
Indium In 49
Tin Sn 50
Antimony Sb 51
Tellurium Te 52
Iodine I 53
Xenon Xe 54
Cesium Cs 55
Barium Ba 56
Lanthanum La 57
Cerium Ce 58
Praseodymium Pr 59
Neodymium Nd 60
Promethium Pm 61
Samarium Sm 62
Europium Eu 63
Gadolinium Gd 64
Terbium Tb 65
Dysprosium Dy 66
Holmium Ho 67
Erbium Er 68
Thulium Tm 69
Ytterbium Yb 70
Lutetium Lu 71
Hafnium Hf 72
Tantalum Ta 73
Tungsten W 74
Rhenium Re 75
Osmium Os 76
Iridium Ir 77
Platinum Pt 78
Gold Au 79
Mercury Hg 80
Thallium Tl 81
Lead Pb 82
Bismuth Bi 83
Polonium Po 84
Astatine At 85
Radon Rn 86
Francium Fr 87
Radium Ra 88
Actinium Ac 89
Thorium Th 90
Protactinium Pa 91
Uranium U 92
Neptunium Np 93
Plutonium Pu 94
Americium Am 95
Curium Cm 96
Berkelium Bk 97
Californium Cf 98
Einsteinium Es 99
Fermium Fm 100
Mendelevium Md 101
Nobelium No 102
Lawrencium Lr 103
Rutherfordium Rf 104
Dubnium Db 105
Seaborgium Sg 106
Bohrium Bh 107
Hassium Hs 108
Meitnerium Mt 109
Darmstadtium Ds 110
Roentgenium Rg 111
Copernicium Cn 112
Nihonium Nh 113
Flerovium Fl 114
Moscovium Mc 115
Livermorium Lv 116
Tennessine Ts 117
Oganesson Og 118

Periodic Table in 60 seconds

Periodic Table of Elements

The Modern Periodic Table

Periodic Table – Introduction

Periodic Table – Be More Curious

The list of 118 Elements and their symbols and atomic numbers will prove useful to beginners in chemistry. To learn more about how elements are classified in the periodic table, visit BYJU’S.

Related Topics

Elements of the Periodic Table Periodicity in Properties of Elements
History of the Periodic Table Mendeleev’s Periodic Table
Electronic Configuration of Elements Modern Periodic Law
Trends in Electron Gain Enthalpy Significance of Periodic Properties Of Elements
Periodic Table Questions Memorize the Periodic Table
Newlands Octaves & Dobereiner Triads Periodic Trends in Atomic Radii
Periodic Trends in Ionic Radii Periodic Trends in Electronegativity
Periodic Trends in Electron Affinity Periodic Trends in Ionization Energy

Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs


What is the atomic number?

The atomic number of an atom is equivalent to the total number of electrons present in a neutral atom or the total number of protons present in the nucleus of an atom.

What is an element?

An element is a substance that can not be decomposed into simpler substances by ordinary chemical processes. It is the fundamental unit of the matter.

How many elements are there in the modern periodic table?

There is a total of 118 elements present in the modern periodic table.

What is a chemical symbol?

A chemical symbol is a notation of one or two letters denoting a chemical element.
Example: The symbol of chlorine is Cl.

What are the rules for chemical symbols?

The first letter is always capitalised for writing the chemical symbol of an element, while the second letter is small.

What is the significance of chemical symbols?

Chemical symbols play a crucial role in easing the writing. It is universal, i.e. identical throughout the world.

What is the chemical symbol of a sodium metal?

The chemical symbol of sodium metal is Na.

Name the smallest and the largest atom.

Helium is the smallest atom with a radius of 31 pm, while the caesium is the largest atom with a radius of 298 pm.

Can atoms exist without neutrons?

Yes, there is an isotope of the hydrogen atom, protium, which has no neutron.

What is the chemical symbol of a gold metal?

The chemical symbol of gold metal is Au.
Test your Knowledge on 118 Elements Their Symbols Atomic Numbers


  1. Thank you for help

  2. Good

  3. Useful for every student

  4. Is there any other name of oganesson

    • As per the IUPAC guidelines for the nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100, the alternate name for Oganesson is ‘ununoctium’.

  5. Thank you very much.

  6. Too helpful for me to take preparations